(1790) Oryza montana Lour. If available other names are mentioned here. Brit. It is used for construction of grain storage structures, ropes, packaging material and bags in India[418 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 7, tolerating 4.5 - 9[418 ]. 3. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 - 30°c, but can tolerate 10 - 36°c[418 ]. Requires a wet to inundated soil and a position in full sun[238 ]. Maksup S, Supaibulwatana K, Selvaraj G. High-quality reference genes for quantifying the transcriptional responses of Oryza sativa L.(ssp. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Common Name(s): rice : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met indica: Taxonomy navigation › Oryza sativa. South and Southeast Asia:Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, and Vietnam. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Oryza sativa. Asian rice (Oryza sativa) is an extremely useful plant found in countless dishes, medicines, cosmetics, and crafts. sowie zum Selbstunterrichte. 1. It was cultivated by 2,000 years ago in Babylon and the Middle East, and spread to the Europe during medieval times. Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 333. (1 May 1753) Type-Protologue Locality: Habitat forte in … Quilon Dist. An oil is obtained from the seed[418 ]. Members of the genus grow as tall, wetland grasses, growing to 1–2 m tall; the genus includes both annual and perennial species. (1872) - Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber. ?ulama, thavidu, upland rice, vadlu, vrihi, wa, ya, yam, sali (fruit), sali (root). Validation of candidate reference genes for the accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data in rice during seed development[J]. It is diuretic and used to treat urinary dysfunctions. Oryza palustris Salisb. rubribarbis Desv. 582. Spacing: 18-24 in. Cortaderia selloana. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Rice straw is used for weaving, paper production, and construction of grain storage structures, ropes, packaging materials, and bags. Oryza aristata Blanco (1837) Oryza glutinosa Lour. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,500 - 2,000mm, but tolerates 1,000 - 4,000mm[418 ]. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Upland - this form does not require submersion by water[46 ]. For more information about QR Codes click here. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database 1985; Vajr., Fl. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Scientific name i: Oryza sativa subsp. It includes the major food crop rice (species Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima ). It can colonise inundated meadows to form a blanket cover[332 ]. Seedhead Photograph by: Gary Kramer, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Oryza sativa var. These can be grouped into two main forms:- Lowland - this is grown in land that is flooded during the growing season[46 ]. Oryza sativa is a ANNUAL growing to 1.8 m (6ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate. The seeds are cooked, either by boiling or steaming. Preferred Scientific Name. Oryza sativa, le riz asiatique, est une espèce de plantes monocotylédones de la famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Oryzoideae, originaire des régions tropicales d'Asie. The grains are often cooked with herbs to make a medicinal gruel[238 ]. It is the grain with the second highest worldwide production after Zea mays. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Cortaderia selloana “Gold Band” Cortaderia selloana cv. Madras 1844(1276). Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Green Spelt. It has been cultivated since ancient times and remain to be one of the most commonly cultivated food crops in the world. In addition to its agronomic importance, rice is an important model species for monocot plants and cereals such as maize, wheat, barley and sorghum. Calicut 351. Public domain. rice; Other Scientific Names. Cited by 15 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]), Cited by 6 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]), Cited by 99 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]). elongata Desv. Oryza sativa L. Genbank common name: rice. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Japonica Rice (Oryza sativa Japonica) is the staple food for 2.5 billion people. f., Fl. Within these divisions, the varieties are further defined by whether they have short, medium or long grains[46 ]. Pl. The seeds are taken internally in the treatment of urinary dysfunction[238 ]. We are currently updating this section. Rice starch is also used in cosmetics, textiles, and laundering starch. 1753. The former is usually cultivated in dry fields and upland areas while the latter is mainly cultivated in the lowland areas and submerged, throughout tropical Asia. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Oryza sativa var. Oryza sativa or commonly known as rice is an erect grass growing about 30 - 180 cm tall, depending on the variety. Oryza sativa is a major and important crop of Asia, especially ... hence prompting this gene family’s name. 1753; Hook. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2013, 58(16): 1919-1930. Rice, Common Rice, Akki, Ari, Arisi, Arroz, Arus, Ba, Bak, Beras, Bhat, Bhatta, Biring, Biyyamu, Byeo, Chahai, Chal, Chaval, Chawal, Choka, Dangar, Dao, Dhan, Dhanya, Kao chow, Kao nyo, Kao, Kome, Mo, Nasi, Nellu, Nivara, Padi, Pari, Raisi, Reis, Riso, Riz, Schinkafa, Syali, Tandula, Re raiti, Vadlu, Varidhanyamu, Vrihi, akkiege, amidon de riz, amylum oryzae, ari, arishi, arisi, arroz, arshee, asian, rice, aval, bhata, chamul, bhatta, bhatto, biranj, brown rice, bras, buru, calav cha, chanval, chaval, chavel, chawl, chho, chhosan, chokha, chorya, coke, corava, damgara, dao, daoya, dha, dhan, dhana, dhanarmul, dhanyamu, dhanya, fructus oryzae germinatus, ine, jhona, jo, lhma, lowland rice, mi-tong-kar-la, mlda, nellu, nelver, nivara, odalu, oryzae amylum, oryzae fructus, oryzae fructus germinatus, oryzae radix, oryzae semen, paddy, paddy plant, padi, rais, reis, ri, rice, rice starch, rice-grain sprout, rice|wee, ris, riso, riz, rozz, sali, sali bhat, shali, shalichokha, sun, tandul, tandulamul, ta? Steud. Oryza pra. Kerala Grasses 433. Auflage. There are many named varieties that have been developed to suit a wide diversity of climates and soil types[200 ]. Oryza sativa: translation. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Li Q F, Sun S S M, Yuan D Y, et al. More >>>. (8) Oryza communissima Lour. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for … In China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan rice straw is used in the production of paper[418 ]. Harvested seedheads, being dried prior to threshing … If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. It is the staple food for all classes, particularly in Southeast Asia. Rank: species. Cette espèce, domestiquée il y a environ 10 000 ans, est avec le riz africain (oryza glaberrima) l'une des deux espèces cultivées du genre Oryza qui compte 19 espèces acceptées. India 7: 92. Echinochloa crus-galli. Right plant wrong place. Rice straw is also used for making and repairing thatched houses in Bangladesh, Nepal and India. Dactylis glomerata. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Edible Parts: Oil  SeedEdible Uses: OilSeed - cooked. Scientific Name: Oryza sativa: Origin: Rice is domesticated in India and brought to China by 3,000 B.C. Dictionary of molecular biology. NCBI BLAST name: monocots. rice. Oryza montana Lour. Indoryza A.N.Henry & B.Roy. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. It is an essential accompaniment for curries and Far Eastern dishes, it is used in European dishes such as paella and risotto, whilst it is also used in sweet dishes such as rice pudding[238 ]. Steud. Geographic subdivisions for Oryza sativa: GV : MAP CONTROLS 1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Oryza glutinosa Lour. The grain husks are used as a fuel; as an addition to concrete; for making hardboard; and as an abrasive[418 ]. The germinated seeds are used to treat poor appetite, indigestion abdominal discomfort and bloating[238 ]. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 2010, 28(1): 49. http://192.168.118.79:9052/index.php?title=Oryza_sativa&oldid=8739, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein 27C, Variation of developmental and environmental conditions, Variation of developmental & environmental conditions. Flowering Time: Late Summer/Early Fall. 1990; Sreek. 2004. English: paddy; Spanish: arroz; French: riz; Portuguese: arroz comum; Local Common Names Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. * Important announcements and news Rice can be grown in the moist tropics and subtropics, succeeding at elevations up to 2,500 metres. Africa, Angola, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo DR, Congo R, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial-Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinée, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Pacific, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Uganda, USA, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Seedhead Photograph by: Gary Kramer, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Rice straw is used for weaving into hats, shoes etc[46 , 272 ]. OilOther Uses Although grown mainly for food, rice starch it is also used in cosmetics, laundering starch, and textiles[418 ]. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Palghat Dist. According to a review of Oryza species by Takeoka (1962), O. rufipogon is considered to be a progenitor of O. sativa, and together with O. longistaminata and O. sativa forms the O. sativa complex. Bloom Color: Cream/Tan. Rice occurs in a variety of colors, including white, brown, black, purple, and red r… This QR Code is unique to this page. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Common Name: Rice. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. It is usually either boiled or steamed and can be eaten in a wide variety of both savoury and sweet dishes[238 ]. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. For a list of references used on this page please go here Other cultivars have a sweeter, glutinous texture, these are used for special purposes such as sweetmeats[46 ]. Public domain. We will not sell or share your email address. Indica rice cooks fluffy, dry and separate, and the grain is usually more slender than that of japonica rice. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Kasaragod Div. Defining reference genes for quantitative real-time PCR analysis of anther development in rice[J]. fatua Prain : Oryza elongata (Desv.) Acta Biochim Biophys Sin, 2014, 46(4): 305-312. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 426698) with original publication details: Sp. Oryza is a genus of plants in the grass family. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Growth ceases below 10°c and plants have no tolerance to frost[418 ]. Indica is the dominant type, estimated to account for more than 80% of global rice production. Oryza sativa L. Details; Images (21) Synonyms (36) References (74) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (252) Chromosome Counts (30) Ethnobotany (1) Group: Monocot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, A, 19 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. It is mostly grown in the tropics and subtropics. It has two major subspecies - japonica (sticky and short-grained) and indica (non sticky and long-grained). It is used for soap manufacture and it is made into a plastic packaging material[418 ]. Ji Y, Tu P, Wang K, et al. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Excessive lactation, poor appetite, and indigestion can be treated using the seeds. 2. (1790) Oryza praecox Lour. Elle compte des milliers de cultivars généralement groupés en deux sous-espèces , ou grou… The grain can also be popped like popcorn to make a breakfast cereal[238 ]. Oryza sativa L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Oryza (family Poaceae). Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Pl. There are many cultivar groups of Oryza sativa of which the two most important are O. sativa 'Indica' and O. sativa 'Japonica'. This page was last edited on 7 September 2018, at 22:08. Oryza sativa has two types, indica and japonica, which account for almost all global rice production. An oil is obtained from the seed[418 ]. Depending upon variety, rice can mature a crop of seed in anything from 60 - 200 days[418 ]. All plant pages have their own unique code. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid … Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. … Oryza sativa L., Sp. Common Name: Perennial wild rice: Family: Poaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-12: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats : Swamps, shallow ponds, lake and river sides, field edges and flooded grassland, in both permanently wet and seasonally inundated areas[332 , 1040 ]. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Oryza rubribarbis (Desv.) - In Ayurveda, Njavara (Oryza sativa) is widely used as health food and in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, paralysis, neurodegenerative diseases, and in rejuvenation therapy. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Young plants in a paddy field Photograph by: Miya. * Exclusive content not on the website Nair, Fl. There are many different cultivars of each form. Oryza sativa var. Some of these cultivars are starchy and are more suited to use in cakes, soups, pastry, breakfast foods etc[46 ]. Common name - rice; Family - Poaceae or Gramineae Subfamily - Bambusoideae or Ehrhartoideae Tribe - Oryzeae; Genus - Oryza Species - Oryza sativa *2005 World Production - 683,255,476 Mt *2005 World Harvest - 153,546,398 Ha **Genome size - 415-460 Mb; Chromosome number - 12; 2n = 24; Photosynthetic pathway - C3 : Photo by Molly Fogleman * Data obtained from FAOSTAT 2006 … It is also used as thatching material or as fuel. Sequence analysis of OsGRF1 homologs highlighted two highly conserved protein domains: the QLQ (Gln, Leu, Gln), involved in protein–protein interactions, and the WRC (Trp, Arg, Cys), containing a putative nuclear localization signal and a DNA-binding domain (Figure 17.1 A and C). This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Oryza sativa L. Preferred Common Name. Rest of the world:widespread in North and South America. Common names U.S. name: rice English name: upland rice Spanish name: arroz French name: riz ... Oryza sativa Picture modified from Thomé, Otto Wilhelm - Lehrbuch der Botanik fur Gymnasien, Realschulen, forst- und landwirthschaftliche Lehranstalten, pharmaceutische Institute etc. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Pres. Hakonechloa macra. var s = '' More infos: N/A; Related plants: Chasmanthium latifolium. (45-60 cm). The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. 333 1753. The rhizomes are harvested at the end of the growing season and dried for use in decoctions[238 ]. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Common Name English view: view: ORYZA PERENNIS WHOLE: Systematic Name English view: view: ORYZA PUMILA WHOLE ... 00c598cb-e103-a14a-dc25-d19104a26c0c) is a possible duplicate [YW8K2QSC5N]RECOMBINANT HUMAN SERUM ALBUMIN ORYZA SATIVA WHOLE: view: Created : Fri Nov 13 07:45:35 EST 2020: Created By : admin: Last Edited : Fri Nov 13 07:45:35 EST 2020 : … Japonica varieties are usually cultivated in dry fields (it is cultivated mainly submerged in Japan), in temperate East Asia, upland areas of Southeast Asia, and high elevations in South Asia, while indica varieties are mainly lowland rices, grown mostly submerged, throughout tropical Asia. The seed also yields oil which can be used in cooking or as a salad oil. indica and japonica) to abiotic stress conditions[J]. Oryza sativais an ancient crop domesticated ca 9000 years ago and plays significant roles as a staple food that feeds almost half of the world's population. It is the staple food for all classes, particularly in Southeast Asia. Oryza sativa or commonly known as rice is an erect grass growing about 30 - 180 cm tall, depending on the variety. Asia:Japan and Korea. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. You will receive a range of benefits including: A heavy crop of seeds, ready for harvest Photograph by: IRRI Images. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Rhizome, on the other hand, is taken internally as treatment for night sweats, tuberculosis, and chronic pneumonia. 477. 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. (1790) International Common Names. Common name(s): Asian Rice; Synonyme(s): N/A; Family: Poaceae; Origin: is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. Long grained forms usually have the highest value, though short-grained forms are preferred in many countries[46 ]. It is used in cooking and as a salad oil[418 ]. Oryza sativa. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Rice is a nutritive, soothing, tonic herb that is diuretic, reduces lactation, improves digestion and controls sweating[238 ]. Rice. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. It has been cultivated since ancient times and remain to be one of the most commonly cultivated food crops in the world. 1991; Joseph, Aquatic … Oryctolagus cuniculus; oscillator; Look at other dictionaries: Oryza sativa — … Oryza sativa. 470. Takeoka used the name O. barthii for O. longistaminata, but that name now refers to the annual wild rice species of West Africa. Rice also has medicinal uses. Found at elevations up to 1,800 metres[299 ]. Oryza sativa. This page was last modified on 1 September 2017, at 07:13. 333. & V.J. The oil can also be used for soap making or made into a plastic packaging material. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. 2. The seeds, or the germinated seeds, are taken to treat excessive lactation[238 ]. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. It is also used as a fuel in Vietnam[418 ]. Species Oryza sativa L. – rice P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Oryza sativa contains two major subspecies: the sticky, short-grained japonica or sinica variety, and the nonsticky, long-grained indica rice [ja] variety. The rhizome is taken internally in the treatment of night sweats, especially in cases of tuberculosis and chronic pneumonia[238 ]. 1896; Gamble, Fl.