Amazing Facts About the Staghorn Coral. Physical Characteristics. Genus Acropora, Table & Staghorn Corals The most common and diverse group in the Indo-Pacific region, the genus is extremely rare in Hawaii. Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Dacrymycetes - Order: Dacrymycetales - Family: Dacrymycetaceae Distribution - Taxonomic History - Etymology - Identification - Culinary Notes - Reference Sources. They some of the fastest growing corals and one of the most important in the Caribbean, having played a central role in the formation of the reefs over the last 5,000 years. Named for its resemblance to deer antlers, staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis) is a branching coral with cylindrical branches that range in length from about an inch to more than 6.5 feet.It grows anywhere between the water surface and a depth of about 100 feet. Acropora are found off Mana, Kaua'i, French Frigate Shoals, Gardner Pinnacles, and Maro Reef. NPS photo. Calocera viscosa is greasy and therefore, in texture, unlike the true coral fungi. They are the primary reef builder in the Caribbean. Distribution / Background Acropora Coral Information: The Staghorn Coral Acropora cervicornis was described by Lamarck in 1816. Staghorn corals form various shapes, from staghorn or upright branches to flat, plate-like structures and round, mounded clumps. They also require a hard surface for which the coral polyps can settle. Elkhorn coral is named for its resemblance to elk antlers. Staghorn corals, as well as all other corals, need very oxygenated water containing adequate supplies of small planktonic animals. Staghorn coral is a type of stony coral found in the northern Atlantic ocean. Commonly found around the Caribbean islands, the Florida Keys, and the Bahamas, it can also be found in areas of the Gulf of Mexico and Venezuela. - Yellow Stagshorn. Staghorn Corals are so named because their branches look like antlers. Scientific name Family: Acroporidae Species: Acropora cervicornis. The scientific name for staghorn coral is â¦ Park biologists closely monitor staghorn and other corals for changes in health and status. Calocera viscosa Fr. Florent's Guide To The Tropical Reefs - Staghorn Coral - Acropora cervicornis - Stony Corals - - Stony Corals - Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida - Paige Gill, FKNMS. They are the dominant Acro of â¦ The polyps that form the coral need tropical waters where the temperatures are higher than 20 degrees centigrade and there is adequate light. Corals can live from 3 months to 30 years depending on the individual coral species and the role it plays within the eco-system. Named for its resemblance to elk antlers, elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) is structurally complex with many large, thick branches.As with staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis), the dominant reproduction mode of elkhorn coral is asexual fragmentation.New colonies form when branches break off of a colony and â¦ Thanks to a scientific petition the Center submitted, elkhorn and staghorn corals gained federal legal protection in 2006, becoming the first species to be listed under the Endangered Species Act because of vulnerability to global warming. Staghorn corals require clear, oxygenated, warm tropical waters and they can live to a depth of approximately 98 feet (30 meters) with gentle wave action.