1st instar nymph of a birch shieldbug (Elasmostethus interstinctus) ... An adult birch shieldbug can be up to 11.5 mm in length, but the small downy birch aphid really does live up to (or rather, down to!) © Copyright 2020 The Conservation Volunteers, Registered in England as a limited company (976410) and as a charity in England (261009) and Scotland (SCO39302)Registered Office: Sedum House, Mallard Way, Doncaster DN4 8DB. The silver birch is a hardy tree, a pioneer species, and one of the first trees to appear on bare or fire-swept land. The common and widespread Eurasian birch species that many people know is silver birch, Betula pendula, also known as European white birch. 7 – 8 foot trees. in length, whilst the female flowers are upright and 1.2 – 2 cm. In between these teeth are smaller teeth. Areas of poor soil are quickly colonised by this tree. Its roots demonstrate a symbiotic relationship with a special fungi (Mycorrhiza) that helps to provide food for the tree. Picture of a birch tree catkins on a natural brown background ID: DY1R05 (RF) Backlit Silver Birch Leaves and Catkins, (Betula pendula) in the golden Light of a Spring Evening. Flowers: downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree, from April to May. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. The leaves attract aphids, providing food for ladybirds and other species further up the food chain. Female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. There are two main native British species of birch tree – Silver Birch (Betula pendula) and Downy Birch (Betula pubescens). Delivery is free. Himalayian Birch. Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless on silver birch. SILVER BIRCH BETULA. Silver Birch catkins. This tree has many uses. – A small tree whose leaves have a drawn-out apex, and are sharply double-toothed, very dull green, densely downy above when young. Identification difficulty. The female catkins, where the seeds develop, eventually disintegrate in September and October, releasing the seeds. Birch catkins. In early Celtic mythology, the birch symbolised renewal and purification. Long greenish-brown male catkins appear as the tree comes into leaf; the female flowers are upright, releasing small winged seeds in autumn. Silver Birch – Betula pendula. The seeds are dispersed by the wind. The downy birch produces its seeds very freely, and is, as a rule, one of the first trees to find its way back to deforested areas. They are long and yellowy-brown. ... (catkin; slender, usually pendulous inflorescence with crowded unisexual flowers) Number of pistils 1 … In times of famine, the inner bark was ground up and used in bread-making. Downy Birch can be planted in locations that are temporarily flooded as well as in peat soils; It can safely be planted more than 6 m away from buildings and walls. Female … The male catkins are formed in the autumn and will remain on the tree all winter – only opening in April or May. Like the grey birch in N. America, it is sometimes useful in affording shelter for young timber trees of better class. Around the world, it can grow further north than any other broadleaf species. Soft on the outside. The bark is used for tanning leather and they use the sap for medical benefits. The leaves are triangular and serrated, often downy underneath, light green, turning orange-yellow in autumn. Bundles of birch twigs were used to drive out the spirits of the old year, and gardeners still use the birch besom, or broom, to 'purify' their gardens. The leavesare ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 t… The wood … Silver Birch. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots and are also known as lambs' tails. Found throughout Europe, downy birch tends to grow on damper soils than silver birch and can even tolerate peat bogs and clay.Its range is more northerly and western than silver birch, and it can grow at higher elevations. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. ... Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). It is found on heathland, moorland and mountainsides, as well as on damp soils. Silver birch has hairless and warty shoots whereas downy birch shoots are covered in small, downy hairs. Often hybridizes with Silver Birch making identification tricky. Flowering Birch on a misty moor. There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. Tough on the inside. Downy birch, also known as white birch, is a very variable tree. The fine hairs give the twigs a soft edge, especially when seen with the light behind them. The produced seeds mature from July to August. It is also used as a symbol of love and fertility. This makes it possible for other, more demanding trees to move in. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Downy birch is the most commonly seen birch in Northern Ireland. The Downy birch is a small, spindly tree with thin branches and papery bark. In spring, the male catkins (or 'lamb's tails') turn yellow and shed their pollen, which is carried by the wind to the short, green, female catkins that appear on the same tree. The Downy Birch is a medium-sized, sometimes shrubby tree. Prices from: € 1.00 each. Birch will grow in poor soils, but likes a sunny position. The shoots are grey-brown with fine downy. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails. downy birch (Betula pubescens), male catkins, Germany. Once pollinated, female catkins thicken and change colour to a dark crimson. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. The male catkins are formed in the autumn and will remain on the tree all winter – only opening in April or May. SC038885). 1982873. Downy birch has both male and female flowers (catkins) on the same tree. Take part in our Nature's Calendar survey. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Ovate, pointed and with serrated margins. Silver birch is also monoecious. Male catkins hang loosely in groups of 2-4. It has serrate leaves, not doubly serrate like silver birch. Downy Birches are monoeciousmeaning that have both male and female catkins on the same tree. In Scotland the timber of the tree is used in homes for furniture, carts, and gates. Fruit: Small dry one-sided winged fruits, called 'achenes'. The bark is waterproof and resistant to fungal attack. Male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour, and hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails. As with silver birch, downy birch is excellent for wildlife, and again provides food for birds including black grouse, which can sometimes be seen feeding on the young catkins. Downy birch is more upright than silver birch and the bark is browner in colour with more obvious horizontal grooves and lacking the papery quality of the silver birch. As successive generations live, shed leaves and die, a richer soil underneath the trees builds up. Images © protected Woodland Trust. As such it’s much smaller than … Birch Tree in Spring; Betula pendula; Catkins; UK. The male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. The seeds are very numerous and are separated by scales, and when ripe, the whole catkin disintegrates and the seeds are spread widely by the wind. Downy Birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. These may eventually overshadow the downy birch and replace it as the dominant tree. The male flowers are drooping catkins, up to 3 cm. is the only tall growing native birch species in Iceland. Birch Catkins. SILVER BIRCH [BETULA PENDULA ] TREES … Erect female catkins are shorter and green. Betula pubescens is commonly known as downy birch, with other common names including moor birch, white birch, European white birch or hairy birch. The small flowers are unisexual, the inflorescence a catkin-like, dense compound cyme. Prices from: € 30.00 each. It was used to make bobbins, spools and reels for the Lancashire cotton industry; and herbal medicines were made from different parts of the tree. One tree can produce many thousands of seeds each year. Downy Birch shoots are covered in small downy hairs. Downy Birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree, from April to May. This is how north-western Europe was recolonised by trees following the end of the last ice age 12,000 years ago. Female catkins, however, are green, a lot shorter and lay upright. Male catkins are long and brownish-yellow, whereas female catkins are shorter, smaller and bright green. The silver birch has pointed, triangular leaves. In Britain, the two main species of birch are Betula pendula (silver birch) and Betula pubescens (downy birch). Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Seed Guide:Birch cones can be collected from the lower branches of trees. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. Less attractive than its relatives, the Downy Birch is not always suitable for parks and gardens. Yet, downy birchare characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots whereas the same parts on silver birch are … Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Foraging for natural Christmas decorations, Top tips for an eco-friendly and sustainable Christmas. Silver Birch in September on heathland. Common name: downy birch, hairy birch, moor birch, white birch, common white birch, European white birch. Birch tree with catkins and very young leaves in spring against a clear blue sky, beautiful nature but annoying for allergy sufferers, copy space. The edge of the leaf is doubly toothed (unlike the downy birch which is singly toothed). 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. They are tiny nutlets (only 2-3mm across) with two wings, helping them to travel up to one mile from the parent tree. Downy birch Betula pubescensEhrh. Habitat. in height. Female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Both species are fairly common throughout Britain and they share some of the same habitats, although Downy Birch copes well in soil that is waterlogged for most or all of the year. 1st instar nymphs of birch shieldbugs (Elasmostethus interstinctus) on the stem of a catkin on the birch tree. Its branches are elegant and droop to form a light canopy. Issuu company logo They are also a food plant for the caterpillars of many moths, including the angle-shades, buff tip, pebble hook-tip, and Kentish glory. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. Birch woods (which may include downy or silver birch, or both) have a light, open canopy, providing the perfect conditions for grasses, mosses, wood anemones, bluebells, wood sorrel and violets to grow.Downy birch provides food and habitat for more than 300 insect species. Hyland’s Nursery Silver Birch Betula Price List. The Birch's fruit season is September trough December. Birch wood is tough and heavy, making it suitable for furniture, handles and toys. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. The Catkins grow to be six centimeters long. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. After successful pollination (by wind), female catkins thicken and change colour to a dark crimson. The leaf has teeth (shown by the arrows) that stick out and bend down towards the leaf tip. The edge of the leaf is coarsely toothed. Silver Birch Catkins, Betula Pendula, Betulaceae. It is a deciduous tree growing to 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) tall (rarely to 27 m), with a slender crown and a trunk up to 70 cm (28 in) (exceptionally 1 m) in diameter, with smooth but dull grey-white bark finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. Planted birch appears to be susceptible to birch dieback, which is caused by two fungal pathogens, Marssonina betulae and Anisogramma virgultorum. The downy birch often hybridises with the silver birch. GB520 6111 04. The margins are coarsely and mainly singly toothed. Downy birch has both male and female flowers (catkins) on the same tree. Downy birch, the UK’s other native birch, is Betula pubescens. It can be confused with the Downy Birch which grows in wetter, non-chalky areas. The bark of downy birch isn’t as white and papery as silver birch. Female catkins. Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless like the silver birch. The small, 1- to 2-mm winged seeds ripen in late summer on pendulous, cylindrical catkins 2 to 4 cm (0.8 to 1.6 in) long and 7 mm (0.3 in) broad. Triangular in shape but more rounded at the base than silver birch leaves. The downy birch has oval leaves that are rounded or triangular at the base. Male catkins are 4-5cm long and yellow-brown in colour. Ludwell Valley Park, Exeter, Devon, UK. Masses of tiny seeds are borne in autumn – they have tiny ‘wings’ on each side of the seed to help them travel on the … That means it is one of the first trees to colonise new (or cleared) land. A plethora of wildlife reaps the benefits of downy birch. The bark is greyish-white (not unlike the silver birch) and has horizontal grooves. The two species are often found together, along with a third, Betula nana or the dwarf birch, in the Scottish Highlands. Registered in England No. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Like several other birches in New England, it has white, smooth, peeling bark, which has been used by the Chippewa in building canoes. Downy birch is native to Europe but has naturalized in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, and Vermont. Up to 334 invertebrate species have been recorded in birches. Bare rooted whips. Female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. It is characteristically found in birch moors and mixed birch-and-oak woodlands. It is native to Ireland and is more prominent on better soils, while Downy Birch tends to be more closely associated with hills and mountains. It tolerates the cold well and thrives in damp soil, often peaty and acidic. The sap is rich in sugar and when tapped in spring can be made into … On a global scale, this tree, with its fuzzy leaf stalks, shoots and twigs, grows further north than any other broadleaf species. Before the first settlement of Iceland, around 874 AD, according to estimates approximately 27% of the total land area of Iceland was covered by birch forests (Snorri Sigurðsson, 1977). The black arrows and diamonds of the bark distinguish this birch from many others varieties of ornamental birch that are planted in urban areas. Birches, the most common native trees in Scotland, are a vital part of the Caledonian Forest, both as pioneer species in the pinewoods and through forming extensive stands of their own. Tell us what's happening to the trees around you and help scientists track the effects of climate change on wildlife. The female catkins appear in spring with the new shoots. Mature trees can reach 30m in height, forming a light canopy with elegant, drooping branches. The flowers are catkins and the light, winged seed get widely scattered by the wind. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. The springtime flowers are catkins which stay on the tree and contain the mature seed by autumn. Downy birch is a valuable tree for a whole host of wildlife. True to its species name, its twigs are covered in short, stiff hairs. Title: Downy Birch Catkins North Rhine Westphalia Ge, Author: JudyHay, Name: Downy Birch Catkins North Rhine Westphalia Ge, Length: 3 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2013-07-03 . The most usual is the downy birch, which like silver birch is a delicate tree with fine branches and small leaves. In spring, the rising sap can be used to make refreshing drinks, wines, ales and liqueurs; while the bark is used for tanning leather. In April through May, the Downy Birch grows a flower called the Catkin. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. 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